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Extracellular domain of EpCAM enhances tumor progression through EGFR signaling in colon cancer cells

Cancer Letters 433 (2018) 165–175

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304383518304488

Abstract

Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is highly expressed in colon cancers, but its role in cancer progression remains to be elucidated. In this work, we found that the extracellular domain of EpCAM (EpEX) activated EGFR and downstream ERK1/2 signaling to promote colon cancer cell migration and proliferation, as well as tumor growth. Mechanistically, we discovered that EpEX-EGFR-ERK1/2 signaling positively regulated intramembrane proteolysis (RIP) of EpCAM and shedding of the intracellular domain (EpICD). Treatment with an EGFR inhibitor ablated the EpEX-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and AKT. Additionally, treatment with inhibitors of either EGFR or MEK decreased EpEX-induced EpICD shedding and further revealed that EpICD is necessary for nuclear accumulation of β-catenin and the induction of HIF1 α target gene expression in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, an anti-EpCAM neutralizing monoclonal antibody, EpAb2-6, inhibited the nuclear translocation of EpICD and β-catenin and induced apoptosis in colon cancer cells. Importantly, analysis of colorectal cancer tissues showed that nuclear accumulation of EpICD was highly correlated with metastasis and poor prognosis, suggesting that it may play an important functional role in cancer progression. Thus, we provide novel insights into the mechanisms and functions of EpEX-mediated signaling, which may be considered as a promising target for the treatment of colon cancer.

 


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115台北市南港區研究院路二段128號
Tel: 02-27899515
Fax: 02-27858059
icob@gate.sinica.edu.tw
Copyright © ICOB 2013. All rights reserved. 最佳瀏覽網頁方式請用最新版IE11或其他瀏覽器 /瀏覽人數:1324219--
 瀏覽人數:1324219